Fouga Magister CM.170

The Fouga Magister is one of those distinctive aircraft from the Cold War era, with its swallow style tail.

History

Derived from the underpowered Fouga CM.130 as a replacement for the Armée de l'Air to replace the piston engined Morane-Saulner MS.475 in 1948.

Ordered in 1950, the first of 3 protoypes was flying by 1952. By June 1953 a preproduction batch of 10 aircraft were orderd, followed by an order for 95 production models in January 1954.

The first Magister entered service with the Armée de l'Air in 1956. However, the French were not the only operators of the Magister (see table below).

But a note on forign Magisters, Isreal license built them as the "Tzukit". Finland also license built the Magister.

Magisters did see action in 3 different conflicts. The 1967 Six Day War, saw Magisters in action with the Israeli air force, in the ground attack role. However,
the Magisters did well in the role, but did suffer the loss of 6 aircraft. Another conflict where the Magister was used, was duringn the El Salvador civil war
(1979-1992), no recorded accounts of any being lost. The final conflict was the "Congo Crisis", where 9 Magisters were used in the ground attack role.

Versions

CM.170

Speed Weight Span Length
444mph (max) 4,740lb (empty), 6,280lb (max) 39ft 10in 33ft 0in

3 prototypes

CM.170R

Speed Weight Span Length
444mph (max) 4,740lb (empty), 6,280lb (max) 39ft 10in 33ft 0in

Initial production version of 10

CM.170-1

Speed Weight Span Length
444mph (max) 4,740lb (empty), 6,280lb (max) 39ft 10in 33ft 0in

Main production version

CM.170-2

Speed Weight Span Length
444mph (max)?? 4,740lb (empty), 6,280lb (max) 39ft 10in 33ft 0in

Uprated Marboré engines

CM.175 Zéphyr

Speed Weight Span Length
444mph (max)?? 4,740lb (empty), 6,280lb (max) 39ft 10in 33ft 0in

Trainer for Aéronavale, carrier capable.

IAI Tzukit

Speed Weight Span Length
444mph (max)?? 4,740lb (empty), 6,280lb (max) 39ft 10in 33ft 0in

Israeli Air Force version, updated with new cockpit, composite materials.

Users

Country Service Model Dates
Algeria Airforce CM.170
Austria Airforce CM.170
Bangladesh Airforce CM.170 (ex-German)
Belgium Airforce CM.170
Biafran Airforce CM.170
Brazil Airforce CM.170
Cambodia Airforce CM.170
Cameroon Airforce CM.170 (ex-French)
El Salvador Airforce CM.170 (ex-Israeli)
Finland Airforce CM.170 (majority built in Finland)
France Airforce CM.170
France Navy CM.175
Gabon Airforce CM.170
Germany Airforce/Navy CM.170 (majority built in Germany)
Ireland Air Corp CM.170-2
Israel Airforce CM.170 (majority built in Isreal)
Katanga Airforce CM.170
Khmer Republic Airforce CM.170
Lebanon Airforce CM.170
Libya Airforce CM.170
Morocco Airforce CM.170
Nicaragua Airforce CM.170
Rwanda Airforce CM.170
Senegal Airforce CM.170
Togo Airforce CM.170
Uganda Airforce CM.170

Books

YouTube

Meeting aérien à Tours, 1973

Kits